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Pulpy Kidney and Tetanus in Goats Disclaimer

Tetanus and Pulpy Kidney are the two main clostridial diseases that most commonly affect goats, causing significant productivity losses including death.


What is tetanus?   Top
Tetanus is a fatal disease caused by Clostridium tetani. This bacteria can survive in the environment for prolonged periods of time. It gains entry via wounds, multiplies and produces a potent toxin that binds irreversibly to nerves. Affected animals show signs of stiffness and muscle spasms which can rapidly progress to death. Treatment may be an option if the disease is diagnosed early, but is expensive and difficult. Often affected animals are found dead. Tetanus can be easily prevented by vaccinating goats with Glanvac™.

What is Pulpy Kidney?   Top
Pulpy Kidney is a clostridial disease causing sudden death in goats. This disease, also called enterotoxaemia, is caused by the bacterium Clostridium perfringens type D. This bacteria normally exists in the intestine of healthy animals. The disease develops when bacterial numbers increase dramatically in response to changes in the intestine. These bacteria can produce toxins which cause rapid death. Predisposing factors to Pulpy Kidney are increases in feed intake, new or better pasture or a dramatic change in diet. Pulpy Kidney can be prevented with Glanvac™.

Should goats be vaccinated for other clostridial diseases?   Top
Goats are not commonly affected by the other clostridial diseases. It is recommended that goats are vaccinated with Glanvac™ 3, unless there is a history of Black Disease, Blackleg or Malignant Oedema on the property, when Glanvac™ 6 should be used.

Are goats susceptible to Cheesy Gland?   Top
Goats are affected by Cheesy Gland (Caseous Lymphadenitis), a chronic disease that causes the formation of abscesses in the lymph nodes caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. Goats 1 year or older tend to be affected. Abscesses may develop either at the point of entry into the skin or involve the regional lymph node. Abscesses more commonly affect the head and neck in goats. Generally there are few other clinical signs, unless the abscess interferes with a function such as swallowing or breathing. Economic losses result from reduced milk production in lactating goats, and increased carcass condemnation in meat goats.

Which Glanvac products are registered for use in goats?   Top
Glanvac™ 3 is recommended for vaccination of goats.
Glanvac™ 6 is only recommended if Black Disease, Blackleg or Malignant Oedema is a known problem.
Glanvac™ 6 B12 is registered for use in goats where cobalt deficiency exists.

What are the recommended vaccination programs?   Top
Unvaccinated goats require two 1mL doses given 4 weeks apart. Kids can be vaccinated from 4 weeks of age, but ideally before 12 weeks of age. A follow-up dose is given 4 weeks after the first vaccination. Booster vaccinations are recommended every 6 months in goats due to their increased susceptibility to Pulpy Kidney. Ideally boosters should be timed strategically prior to any
anticipated changes in nutritional conditions.

What is the correct dose rate?   Top
Glanvac™ 3 - 1mL subcutaneously
Glanvac™ 6 - 1mL subcutaneously
Glanvac™ 6 B12 - 1mL subcutaneously
 

Pfizer Animal Health 38-42 Wharf Road West Ryde NSW 2114
For more information call the Pfizer Animal Health Technical Services team on 1800 814 883.
™Trademark Pfizer Animal Health.



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