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Equine Vaccination Guidelines Disclaimer

Vaccination schedules will differ depending on your specific situation and it is best to follow your veterinarian's advice. These are the recommendations for a complete vaccination program to protect horses against Tetanus and Strangles, as well as Salmonella and Equine Herpes Virus in a stud environment.


Foal vaccination   Top
A foal’s first vaccination is advisable at 12 weeks.

Age of FoalVaccine
12 weeksEquivac 2in1(Tetanus/Strangles)
Salmonella
Duvaxyn EHV(Herpes)
14weeksEquivac Strangles
16 weeksEquivac 2in1(Tetanus/Strangles)
Salmonella
Duvaxyn EHV(Herpes)
22 weeksDuvaxyn EHV(Herpes)

Tetanus vaccination provides excellent immunity to disease. Strangles, Salmonella and Herpes vaccination will help prevent disease, and reduce the duration and severity of the disease, but they do not provide total protection, and vaccinated horses may still develop the disease.

Booster vaccinations   Top
Booster vaccination of Tetanus and Strangles (Equivac 2 in 1), Salmonella and Herpes (Duvaxyn EHV) is required every 6 months to provide maximum immunity. This is particularly important in foals and weanlings. The absolute minimum requirement is every 12 months.

Vaccination of fully-vaccinated mares   Top
  • Tetanus/Strangles – previously vaccinated pregnant mares require a single Equivac 2 in1 booster at least 4 weeks prior to foaling
  • Salmonella – previously vaccinated pregnant mares require a single Salmonella booster at least 4 weeks prior to foaling
  • Equine Herpes Virus – pregnant mares should be vaccinated with Duvaxyn EHV during the 5th, 7th and 9th month of pregnancy.

  • Vaccination of mares with uncertain vaccination history   Top
  • Tetanus/Strangles – previously unvaccinated pregnant mares require Equivac 2 in1, repeated after 4 –6 weeks with the 2nd vaccination being at least 4 weeks prior to foaling
  • Salmonella – previously unvaccinated pregnant mares require Salmonella vaccination, repeated after 4 – 6 weeks with the 2nd vaccination being at least 4 weeks prior to foaling
  • Equine Herpes Virus – pregnant mares should be vaccinated with Duvaxyn EHV during the 5th, 7th and 9th month of pregnancy.

  • Vaccinations required in case of injury   Top
  • A horse that is fully vaccinated for tetanus requires only a booster Equivac T (Toxoid) in the event of injury
  • A horse with an uncertain vaccination history should be given an Equivac T (Toxoid) and an Equivac TAT (Antitoxin). A second Equivac T (Toxoid) is given 4 – 6 weeks after injury.

  • Vaccination of stallions   Top
    Stallions should be fully vaccinated well before the stud season.

    Vaccination of performance horses   Top
    Performance horses should be vaccinated during a spell, not during training.

    Site of vaccinations   Top
    All vaccinations should be given by deep injection into the muscle, except Equivac TAT Antitoxin which is given under the skin.

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